SPANISH COLONIAL PERIOD TO PHILIPPINE REVOLUTION Aims of Spanish Colonization • God – propagation of Catholic Christianity • Gold – desire for economic wealth • Glory – to be the greatest empire in the world THE SPANISH COLONIAL SYSTEM Spain Retains the Philippines Despite Economic Loss • As a colony, the Philippines was a financial burden to the Spanish treasury. Some aspects of the pre-colonial period have survived into our time. Spanish colonial architecture reflects Filipino identity mostly through the Religious Architecture. The Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan headed the first Spanish foray to the Philippines when he made landfall on Cebu in March 1521; a short time later he met an untimely death on the nearby island of Mactan. The tropical mestizo heritage of the Philippines, home to many artistic and architectural jewels of universal value, was the result of the originality of the Filipinos to innovate styles and building systems based on materials available in their midst, and on the other hand, of the ineffable imprint left by more than 3 centuries of the Spanish colonization in this archipelago. Philippine Arts during the Spanish Colonial Period - YouTube In his journal article published in 2007 in the Philippine Review of Economics, economist Robert H. Nelson argued that the corruption in the Philippines is a product of an acquired colonial identity that brought forth cultural attitudes and values that stood in the way of democratic principles. The priests tried to move all the people into pueblos, or villages, surrounding the great stone churches. ways in which the Spaniards have come to colonize the Philippines. THE SPANISH COLONIAL TRADITION IN PHILIPPINE VISUAL ARTS The Spanish colonization of the Philippines from 1565 to 1898 brought about profound changes in the life and art of the Filipinos. Art During the American Colonial Period Examples of Artists and Artworks: Some Famous Artworks of Fabian de la Rosa American colonial strategy lay primarily in the domain of ideology and culture through the implementation of public educational system and educational program. Central government in Manila retained a medieval cast until the 19th century, and the governor-general was so powerful that he was often likened to an independent monarch. Philippine pre-colonial society is both different and the same as in the present. The Spanish colonial period in the Philippines was the period during which the Philippines were part of the Spanish Empire as the Captaincy General of the Philippines from 1565 to 1898. The galleon trade with Acapulco, Mex., assured Manila’s commercial primacy as well. Philippines art-in-spanish-time (1) 1. 0. Such was the state of culture of the Filipinos when Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the Philippines at the head of a Spanish expedition searching for the Spice Islands in 1521. Spain had control of the Philippines for more than 300 years, so it’s no surprise that there are many Filipino customs, traditions, and cultural norms that can be traced back to the Spanish. Stay tuned for part 2 as that will discuss events from the Dagohoy revolt to the events around the 1870's. Spanish historians, writing about the early Filipinos, affirmed that there was hardly a man or woman who could not read and write. This Hispanic heritage is seen most prominently in three colonial-era neighborhoods—Vigan up north, Intramuros in the heart of the capital Manila, and Taal down south in Batangas Province. Society was divided into four classes with the datu and his family at the top, followed by the noble class (known as maharlika), then the freemen (... You do not currently have access to this article. In this extensive period of colonization, Spain had made a huge difference in the Filipino culture. The figure of Rizal dominates Philippine literature until the present day. During the early Spanish colonial period art was mostly religious and not very good to be honest. Edit. Such was the state of culture of the Filipinos when Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the Philippines at the head of a Spanish expedition searching for the Spice Islands in 1521. The New Spanish Colonial Period (1521-1821) The Philippine Islands first came to the attention of Europeans when Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan landed there in 1521, claiming the lands for Spain. Spain reigned over the Philippines for 333 years, from 1565 to 1898. since Spain was far from the country, the Spanish king ruled the Islands through the viceroy of Mexico, which was then another Spanish colony. The exchange of Chinese silks for Mexican silver not only kept in Manila those Spanish who were seeking quick profit, but it also attracted a large Chinese community. The population is more than 100 million, the largest concentration of whom are found in the Metro Manila area (pop. The governor-general was civil head of the church in the islands, but the archbishop vied with him for political supremacy. Spanish rule for the first 100 years was exercised in most areas through a type of tax farming imported from the Americas and known as the encomienda. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The priests and friars had a command of local languages rare among the lay Spanish, and in the provinces they outnumbered civil officials. Philippines art and architecture under Spanish Colonial Rule (1565–1898) | Grove Art Philippines art and architecture under Spanish Colonial Rule (1565–1898) Spanish Colonial Era The arrival of Spanish conquerors introduced the Antillean style of architecture. Manilawas made the capital of the Philippines in 1… The governor-general, himself appointed by the king, began to appoint his own civil and military governors to rule directly. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. DRAFT. Agricultural technology changed very slowly until the late 18th century, as shifting cultivation gradually gave way to more intensive sedentary farming, partly under the guidance of the friars. (ii) Conquest and settlement of the islands. Although some indigenous art forms survived, new forms and influences from Europe and America gradually became the dominant culture. • Philippine Modern Art (1946 – 1970) The study of determining what is Philippine Contemporary Art Period is still being determined since the word has been used loosely used even during the American Colonial Period. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. The Philippines is divided into three regions: Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao. Thus, they were an invaluable source of information to the colonial government. When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in 1521, the colonizers used art as a tool to propagate the Catholic faith through beautiful images. https://doi.org/10.1093/oao/9781884446054.013.2000000081. But Spanish was undermined by the very ideas of liberation that it helped spread, and its decline led to nativism and a renaissance of literature in the native languages. The Filipino people are of a majority Austronesian descent. Fox, an American anthropologist of the National Museum, inside Tabon Cave Palawan on May 28, 1962. When Mexico regained its freedom in 1821, the Spanish king ruled the Philippines through a governor general. Edit. But as time passed and the Philippines became more impregnated with everything Spanish, Spanish artistic influence started to show as Filipinos moved to mainland and learnt along with other Spaniards fron older Spanish and European masters. Spanish Colonial Period 1565 - 1898 The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 marked the beginning of an era of Spanish interest and eventual colonization. The time that the Philippines was under Spanish rule makes up a major part of their history. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. The Spanish ruled in the Philippines only until 1898 when they were overpowered during the Spanish-American war. When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in 1521, the colonizers used art as a tool to propagate the Catholic faith through beautiful images to explain the concepts behind Catholicism, to tell the stories of Christ's life and passion. Spanish colonial art includes paintings, sculptures and decorative objects produced across one and a half continents, from Mexico down to South America, over a period of about 330 years. But as the Christian laity grew in number and the zeal of the clergy waned, it became increasingly difficult to prevent the preservation of ancient beliefs and customs under Roman Catholic garb. In the first decades of missionary work, local religions were vigorously suppressed; old practices were not tolerated. Save. In the view of some historians, the actions of the Church and Spanish colonial authorities during the Spanish colonial period (1521-1898) led to tensions and social upheavals in the Philippines. Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. The Spanish colonial regime employed the Filipino boat makers to build caracoa fleets that battled the Moros and mercantile galleons which by fact crossed the Pacific. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, The downfall of Marcos and return of democratic government. He dominated the Audiencia, or high court, was captain-general of the armed forces, and enjoyed the privilege of engaging in commerce for private profit. From the late 1500s until the late 1800s, Spain attempted to gain a foothold in the area— succeeding only to the extent that some soldiers were eventually allowed by local leaders to maintain a small military presence. 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